International Journal of Radiology Research

International Journal of Radiology Research


International Journal of Radiology Research
Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2020)

Evaluation of anorectal malformations in a tertiary care Centre: The role of a radiologist


Vishwaprem Raj DR, Naveen D, Shivaprasad VR, Mallikarjunappa B, Anil Kumar, Raksha

Anorectal malformation (ARM) are of important common congenital anomaly with regard to final outcomes since the anorectal lesions with associated lesions that cause intestinal obstruction are correctable with operative intervention requires prompt radiological investigations.
Aims: To study the presentation, types of anomalies, associated malformations, role of radiological investigations and procedures performed in relation to the type of anomaly and early outcomes analysis of ARM patients in the neonatal period.
Settings and Design: A prospective study was performed from January 2017 to September 2020.
Subjects and Methods: The study included all patients with ARM admitted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
Results: There were 60 neonates having ARM with 32 males and 28 females. High-type ARM was seen in 38 (63.33%) cases, while low type in 22 (36.66%) neonates. Associated malformations were documented in 4 cases of (6.66%) neonates. All neonates were diagnosed on the 1st day of life. There were 01 (1.66%) deaths, 59(98.33%) survivors.).
Conclusions: Radiology plays an important role in diagnosing ARM, associated fistulas, classification and associated anomalies.
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