Our experience regarding types of atherosclerosis plaques in coronary arteries and their relation to degree of stenosis in King Hussien Hospital
Ali O Nafi, Ahmad S Kreishan, Anees M Almasaafah, Mohammed A Elbes, Ahmad A Alodainat, Khalil E Msallum
Purpose: The aim of the study to evaluate the different types of plaques in the coronary arteries and their relation to degree of stenosis. Methods: our retrospective study include2425 patients, aged 18-75 years, of both sexes, with history of chest pain at King Hussein Hospital during the 2018-2020 period. All the patients’ outcome was plaques of different types, causing wide ranges of stenosis from non to total occlusion. Results: Entirely calcified plaques was recorded in1333 patients (55%), partlycalcified plaques was recorded in 606 patients (25%), non-calcified plaques recorded in 486 patients (20%). significant and high grade stenosis almost found in partly and non-calcified plaques. Conclusions: Coronary artery disease is leading cause of death in western world, it is caused by buildupplaque that cause narrowing of the artery lumen and thus decrease of the oxygen supply to cardiac muscle. The most common type of coronary plaque is entirely calcified but the risk of obstructive >50% stenosis found in partly and non-calcified plaques rather than totally calcified plaques.